06 Dec Cologne
Located in the shore of the river Rhine, Cologne is one of the oldest cities of Germany founded by Romans in 38 BC. The city is known for the Cathedral, one of the Europe´s oldest universities and art culture. There are over 30 museums and 100 galleries full of first-class collections.
During the Second World War, the city was seriously damaged in the bombings of the Allied with the consequence that almost 90 % of the city collapsed andthe population reduced from 800, 000 to 40,000. With over million inhabitants, Cologne is nowadays again the fourth biggest city in Germany where can be seen restored historic buildings as well as modern post-war architecture.
What to do and see in Cologne
Cathedral of Cologne
The Cathedral of Cologne is one of the most important architectural monuments in Germany. The church located in the nuclear center is the second biggest in Germany and third biggest in the World (the height of the towers is 150 meters). It is an excellent example of the gothic style. The Cathedral has included in the UNESCO World Heritage List from the year 1996.
Rhine Promenade and Deuzer Bridge
When you leave from the Old Town of Cologne and cross the Rhine to the other side of the river, you will meet a spectacular view of the Cathedral and the cityscape. The promenade is fascinating, and from the Deuzer Bridge you can admire, for example, the charming sunset.
City Hall of Cologne
The city hall of Cologne, located in Alter Markt (Old Square) is the oldest in Germany, dating from the year 1150. The facade is decorated with over 130 statues. The wood-carved mask “Platz-Jabbeck”, which opens its mouth and sticks out its wooden tongue every hour, is worth of seeing.
The most popular of the several museums of Cologne is the Chocolate Museum (Schokoladenmuseum), which has over 650 000 visitors annually. There is a fountain spouting chocolate in the large glass dome of the museum. The visitors can taste it with little wafers. During the tour for the visitors is told everything what you have to know about chocolate starting from the manufacturing process. The highlights of the collection are objects dating from the ancient American cultures, porcelain objects made by European manufacturers, products of gold- and silversmiths, enamel plates and historical production machines.
German Sports and Olympic Museum
In the German Sports and Olympic Museum (Deutsches Sport- und Olympiamuseum), in the exhibition area of 2000 square meters, the visitors can make them familiar with the sport history of the last 2500 years from the Roman gladiators and brave boxers to split-second charioteers. The time travel extends from the Ancient Greece to German gymnastics and English sport. Great German athletes are shown comprehensively, for example Boris Becker, Steffi Graf and Michael Schumacher. There are over 3000 exhibitions in the museum. Also many document films are included. The visitors can also try out different sports by themselves.
The Old Town of Cologne
In the Old Town of Cologne, located in the shore of Rhine, the atmosphere is unique. An incomparable mixture of restaurants, shops, breweries and squares in the middle of old houses and historical and glamorous small alleys is waiting for the visitor. The Old Town is known for carnivals and Christmas markets. Very popular event is the Parade on Rose Monday, which is broadcasted live on television. Rose Monday is celebrated 48 days before Easter Sunday.
The Cologne Zoo, founded in 1863, is the third oldest in Germany. In the area of about 20 hectares is over 500 animal species from all continents and oceans of the world. The animals live in conditions which are equivalent to their natural environments. An example is 2000 square meters wide South-East Asian tropical rainforest, in which there are birds flying free, fruit bats, reptiles and a lot of tropical plants. In addition, there is, for example, the Elephant Park.
- One of the most popular shopping streets of Germany, Schildergasse, can be found from Cologne. In the promenade dating from the period of the Ancient Rome, there are a lot of international department stores, cafés and modern architecture. The adjacent pedestrian street, Hohe Strasse, leads to the Cathedral.
- The famous Eau de Cologne is still sold in the Glockengasse in the original building, in which it was invented over 200 years ago.
|Köln, Saksa||11°C few clouds|
Wind 3 m/s, N
Pressure 765.07 mmHg
How to get in Cologne?
The Köln-Bonn Konrad Adenauer Airport serves the region. The city center can be reached with the commuter train (S-Bahn) in 15 minutes.
There are two large railway stations in the city, Hauptbahnhof and Deutz, which have connections to other cities of Germany and neighbor countries. For examples, Brussels can be reached by ICE-train.
How to get around in Cologne?
- The most important transportation of the city is the metro. The municipal traffic organization KVB is responsible for the public transport. Also taxi is an alternative, and that is quite cheap.
- It is easy to get around in the city on foot, because many of the attractions are located from a half an hour of walk from the city center. The tour can be started, for example, from the cathedral. From the Tourist Office, opposite of the church, you can get guide books and free maps.