- Capital: Reykjavik
- Form of government: Republic
- Area: 103,000 km2
- Population: 328170
- Language: Icelandic
- Time difference: -2 hours
- Currency: Icelandic
- Krona (ISK) 1 ISK = 0.01 EUR
- Phone: +354
Icelandair and Finnair have direct flights from Helsinki to Reykjavik and Icelandair to Akureyri. There are also other direct flights from Bergen, Brussels, Amsterdam, Barcelona and Birmingham. Several other airlines also have flights to Reykjavik. For example, Air Baltic operates between Riga and Reykjavik from May to September.
Cruises are organized in the Grímsey area. The trip leaves by bus from Akureyri, and the boat cruise starts from Dalvik.
Essential from Iceland
Hallgrimskirkja is an impressive church building and the most significant of Reykjavik’s landmarks. The church tower can be seen from all over the city. The building was designed by Guðjón Samuel in 1937. The artist’s distinctive works are beautiful shapes made of lava cooled into basalt stone. Construction work began in 1945 and was completed in 1986, but the tower was completed much earlier. The 15-meter and 25-ton barrel organ was designed and built by Johannes Klais from Germany. The organ was completed in 1992 and has been used in several recordings. In front of the church is a statue of Leifur Eriksson (970 – 1020). He was the first European to discover America. He is believed to have visited the new continent in 1000, 500 years before Christopher Columbus. The statue, designed by Alexander Stirling Calder, was a gift from the United States in 1930 in connection with the Alþingi Millennial Festival. At that time, the 1000th anniversary of the founding of the Icelandic Parliament was celebrated..
HARPA CONCERT AND CONGRESS CENTER
Harpa is a cultural center in central Reykjavik, with stunning views of the surrounding mountains and the Arctic Ocean. The center has received several architectural awards and has been visited by 4 million visitors since 2011, when it opened. Services also include two restaurants as well as several shops with a wide range of products
Location: Southern Iceland, Langjökull Glacier
Gullfoss (golden waterfall) is a magnificent natural formation where you can admire beautiful and untouched nature. The water drops sharply 32 meters on two levels into a steep canyon with walls 70 meters high. On a sunny day above the waterfalls you can see a beautiful rainbow. The waterfall is part of the famous Golden Circle Route sightseeing tour.
Location: Southwest Iceland
Strokkur is a picturesque geyser, one of Iceland’s famous hot springs. It sprays every 4 to 8 minutes, and water jets reach a height of 15 to 20 meters and sometimes up to 40 meters. Geysir is part of the Golden Circle Route sightseeing tour.
Solfar (Sun Voyager, sun traveler) is a dazzling steel sculpture created by Jon Gunnar Arnason. It resembles a Viking ship, but it is a sleeper and an ode to the sun. From the sculpture you can also see the beautiful Mount Esja
THINGVELLIR NATIONAL PARK
Thingvellir National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, has been identified as an international natural wonder during decades of research. The geological history and biosystem of Lake vallingvallavatn is a unique entity. New species have developed and formed in the area. The Thingvellir area is part of a crack zone that runs through Iceland and is located on a crust in the mid-Atlantic
JÖKULSÁRLÓN ICE LAG
Location: Southeast Iceland
Jökulsárlón’s charming ice lagoon is a popular tourist destination for boat cruises. There is a guide on the trip that tells about the lagoon, the icebergs and the surrounding area. The guide also takes care of passenger safety. Waterproof and warm clothing should be brought on the trip, as the ships are open ships. The temperature of the lake is the same as on land. Visitors can also bring their own motorhome, but there is no campsite. The trip is not recommended for children under two years of age
BLACK SAND BEACH
Location: Vik, south coast of Iceland
The world-famous Reynisfjara beach near the village of Vik is a magnificent black sand beach that attracts a large number of visitors. The area can be visited on a south coast tour in summer and on a Jökulsárlón ice lagoon tour in winter.
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