CZECH REPUBLIC

tsekki

  • Capital: Prague
  • Form of government: Republic
  • Area: 78,866 km2
  • Phone number: +420
  • Languages: Czech
  • Time difference: -1

Basic RGB

Finnair and Norwegian fly directly from Helsinki to Prague. Located 10 km from the city center, Vaclav Havel Airport is the country’s main airport.

Basic RGB

The train reaches Prague from several European countries: Slovakia, Poland, Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Hungary.

embajada

Embassy of Finland, Prague Address: Hellichova 1, 118 00 Prague 1 – Tel: + 420-251 177 251 Email: sanomat.pra@formin.fi – Website: www.finland.cz

  • Travel bulletin from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Generally safe tourist country. Comprehensive travel insurance required. Beware of pickpockets and bag thieves, especially on certain tram lines. Read more

Czech essentials

1.Moravian-Karst

Moravian Karst 

Location: Blansko, South Moravian Region. Train connections from Brno and Prague to Blansko.

This karst landscape is one of the most important of its kind in Central Europe. It is approx. 92 km² wide and there are more than 1100 caverns and gorges in the area. It is a protected nature reserve and only 4 of the caves are open to the public. There are the Punkvevní jeskyně (Punkva Caves), with an underground river where cruises are being held for visitors and where they can see the bottom of the famous Macocha Abyss. Another cave is theKateřinská jeskyně, with its unique limestone columns. The Balcarka Cave is full of colorful stalactites. The caves are a great attraction for those interested in nature and all that is in it .

Picture: Jaroslav A. Polák

KarlCastle

Karlštejn Castle

Location: Karlštejn, Central Bohemian Region. 30 kilometers southwest from Prague. Train connections from Beroun and Prague to Karlštejn.

This enormous Gothic castle built in 1348 and it served as a home for the Imperial Regalia as well as the Bohemian/Czech crown jewels. It is one of the most beautiful historical sights in Bohemia. Nowadays it is a popular wedding place and part of the Castle Road. Guided tours are available.

Tanssiva talo

Dancing House 

Location: Rašínovo nábřeží 80, Prague.

This funny-looking building is an example of Deconstructivist architecture and belongs to Nationale-Nederlanden. The house was designed by the two architects, Vlado Milunic and Frank Gehry, and was finished in 1993. Its shape it supported by 99 concrete panels.

Old-New-Synagogue

Old-New Synagogue 

Location: Josefov district, Prague.

This remarkable Gothic Old-New Synagogue is the oldest site of Prague’s Jewish Town and the oldest active synagogue in Europe. It has been the main synagogue of the Prague Jewish community since the 13th century. There are various legends about it, including the legend of Golem.

http://www.czechtourism.com/c/prague-old-new-synagogue/

Kuva: Adam Jones

Malá Strana

Malá Strana

Location: Prague

Located on the west bank of the Vltava river, this historic Baroque district is a splendid sight for strolls or for sipping coffee in cozy cafés.  Notable sights include the Wallenstein Palace, the Petřín lookout tower  and the Charles Bridge.

Picture: Roman Boed

6.Terezin

Terezin

Location: Litoměřice District. Train connection from Prague.

This place in the idyllic Northern Bohemia is a part of the tragical sides of European history. It is a former military complex consisting of a citadel and an adjacent walled garrison town, originally build in 1780 during the Austo-Hungarian regime and known as Theresienstadt. During the Nazi occupation of former Czechoslovakia from 1939-1945, it was constructed as a ghetto and concentration camp, where appr. 30 000 prisoners, mostly Jews from various European countries, died between 1942-1945. In 2002, the fortress was listed in the 2002 World Monument Watch program by the World Monuments Fund.

Notable attractions located in the area are the Jewish cemetery with a crematorium.  the Ghetto Museum, the Magdeburg Barracks with an exhibition of music and art in the ghetto, and a prayer room.

Visiting hours

Picture: Pedro Cambra

Sedlec-Ossuary

Sedleci Ossuary

Location: Kutná Hora, Kutná Hora District

This Catholic ossuary is one of the twelve World Heritage Sites in Czech Republic.  It is estimated to contain the remains of between 40,000 – 70,000 people. Human bones have  been arranged to form decorations and furnishings for the chapel.

Allegedly containing of small amount earth from Golgata on its lot, the chapel became popular burial place between 10th and 13th centuries.  During the Black Death in 14th century and after the religious Hussite Wars in the 15th century, many thousands were buried in the abbey cemetery, so it had to be enlarged. Around the 1400, the church was built on the place in order of being an ossuary for human remains buried in the cemetery lack of space.

The main sight of an ossuary is an enormous chandelier made of bones, which contains at least one of every bone in the human body, hangs from the center of the nave with garlands of skulls draping the vault. Also the Schwarzenberg coat-of-arms made of bones is a remarkable must-see.  This peculiar place is for a soul, who loves the extraordinary.

Kuva: Henry Burrows

Frantiskovy-Lazne

 The Františkovy Láznen spa town 

Location: Cheb District. Train connection from Prague.

This idyllic town in Western Bohemia is well-known for its spa complex, which is one of the most famous in the world.

The establishment has 20 cold mineral springs, natural mud treatments, outdoor pools and saunas to welcome stressed visitors. Františkovy Lázne is one part of the famous Bohemian spa triangle, the other two being Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázně.

Picture: stachelbeer

Skiresort-Cerna

Skiresort Cerná hora

Location: Janské Lázně, the Trutnov District. Train connections from Prague, Brno and Ostrava.

Located near the Janské Lázně spa town, this ski resort is ideal for many kinds of winter activities. It has two areas for children. 70% of the 15 kilometers of ski slopes are covered with artificial snow. For a special tariff you can even night ski on the Protěž slope.

Cesky-Krumlov

Český Krumlov

Location: The Český Krumlov District. Train connection from Prague via České Budějovice.

This pearl of South Bohemia is known for its well preserved medieval architecture, its car-free town center and a classy-looking castle. With only about 15,000 residents, the town is calm and well suited for a peace-seeking mind. Many of the city’s hostels reside in beautiful medieval houses. The main sight is the Český Krumlov Castle, a Czech national monument that has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1992. Other attractions include an art museum dedicated to the local Austrian painter Egon Schiele and the nearby Šumava National Park.

Picture: El Coleccionista de Instantes Fotografía & Video

More info about Czech Republic in eurotourtrip

  • Prague

  • Ostrava

    Ostava is located in the north-eastern part of the Czech Republic, where four rivers cross: the Odra, the Opava, the Ost…

  • Old Jewish Cemetery Josefov Prague
    Josefov

  • Brno