GREAT BRITAIN

britannia

  • Capital: London
  • Form of government: Constitutional monarchy
  • Area: 244,820 km2
  • Religion: Anglicans and
  • Catholics (66%), Protestants
  • Phone number: +44
  • Language English
  • Time difference: -2
  • Currency: British Pound (GBP) € 1 = Approximately £ 0.79

 
lentokone

Finnair, Norwegian and British Airways have several daily flights from Helsinki to London, Manchester and Edinburgh. Ryanair has flights from Tampere to London.

Juna

The train is a very effective way to explore the UK.

National Rail -Website also includes all timetables and route guides.

embajadaEmbassy of Finland, London Address: 38 Chesham Place, SW1X 8HW – Tel. + 44-20-7838 6200 Email: sanomat.lon@formin.fi – Website: www.finemb.org.uk

  • Travel bulletin from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Generally safe. Beware of pickpockets and traffic. The level of threat of international terrorism remained serious. Read more

Great Britain essentials

BR_1-LondonTower

London Tower

Location: The London Borough of Tower Hamlets, London

Built between 1078 and 1399 on the north bank of the Thames River, this castle complex is one of the most popular tourist attractions in  London. It has served as a prison and a royal residence. Currently it is housing the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom and it is still guarded by the famous Yeoman Warders. The famous White Tower is a must-see for history aficionados.

Stonehenge

Stonehenge

Location: Salisbury Plain, 3 kilometres west of Amesbury and 13 kilometres north of Salisbury, England. Train connections from London.

These remarkable prehistoric monuments are the remains of a circle of standing stones, believed to have been built between 3000 and 2000 BCE. Currently the structure is managed by English Heritage and it is also popular ritual site of Neopagans.

Visiting hours

BR_3-Norfolk

The Fens

Location: Lincolnshire

CambridgeshireNorfolk 

and Suffolk in England.

This marsh region is located primarily on the coast of the Wash. In its entirety, it occupies an area of 3900 km². Notable settlements in the area are e.g. Wisbech, ”capital of The Fens”, Ely and Peterborough. The Fen Rivers Way is a popular hiking trail.

BR_4-Canterbury-Cathedral

Canterbury Cathedral

Location: Canterbury, Kent County, England.

This Romanesque-Gothic cathedral was originally founded in 597, but it was completely rebuilt between 1070 – 1077. It is the religious center of the Church of England and the worldwide Anglican communion. An idyllic location and one of the top sights of historic England.

Visiting hours

Camdem

Camden Passage

Location: London Borough of Islington, London

This comfy pedestrian passage is famous for its antique shops and it hosts an antique market on Wednesdays and Saturday mornings. The Passage also has the famous Camden Head pub, which holds comedy nights and concerts.

Brighton

Brighton

Location: East Sussex County, England. Train connections to London.

Brighton was already one of the most famous British seaside resorts in the Georgian era. It is located on the southern coast of England and has appr. 280,000 inhabitants. It has many fancy bars, restaurants and sport facilities and It is the true festival centre of East Sussex. Notable sights include e.g. the Brighton Museum & Art Gallery, the Brighton Sea Life Center and the Royal Pavilion.

London Eye

London Eye

Location: London Borough of Lambeth, England

This enormous Ferris wheel was completed in 2000 and is now a remarkable landmark on the South Bank of the Thames river. It is 135 meters tall and has a diameter of 120 meters. It is currently Europe’s tallest Ferris wheel.

Edinburgh

Old Town of Edinburgh (UNESCO)

Location: Edinburgh, Scotland. International airport. Train and buss connections from Aberdeen, Glasgow and London.

The oldest part of Edinburgh is an idyllic way to get acquainted with the Scottish urban life and it has been an UNESCO World Heritage Site together with the New Town since 1995. It has a rich medieval atmosphere with its narrow alleys and cobbled paths. The area also features Reformation-era architecture. Notable attractions are e.g. the Edinburgh Castle, the Palace of Holyroodhouse and the National Museum of Scotland.

Cardiff

Cardiff

Location: South Glamorgan County, Wales. International airport. Train connections to London.

Cardiff is the capital and the largest city of Wales. It lies on the southern coast of the country and has approx. 346,000 inhabitants. It has a unique atmosphere with its music venues and the Celtic Welsh language. Parks and nature in general cover around 10% of the city’s area, so it’s also a rather green settlement. Notable sights are the Cardiff Castle, the Roath Park and the Cardiff Story museum.

BigBen

BIG BEN

The Big Ben clocktower, built around the middle of the 19th century, is a symbol of Great Britain. While the tower may have changed names over time and the large bell in the clocktower is officially the Great BelI, both are known by their unofficial name, The Big Ben. The clocktower is a part of the Palace of Westminster, Great Britain’s house of parliament, and rises to a height of 96 meters (315 feet). Designed by Augustus Pugin in neo-gothic style, the tower is a marvel to behold.

Blaenavon kaivos

THE BLAENAVON INDUSTRIAL LANDSCAPE (UNESCO)

While most tourists probably aren’t interested in old industrial sites, the United Kingdom played such a pivotal role in the Industrial Revolution, that mentioning at least one such sight is warranted. The Blaenavon Industrial Landscape became an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000 because of its remarkably well-preserved buildings, that demonstrate the Industrial era so well. In the beginning of the 19th century the mining of coal and the production of iron ramped up drastically in this area and its products were shipped all over the world to be used in things like railway construction. All production in the area was shut down after the Big Pit closed its final coal mines in 1980. Afterwards a museum was founded at the site and the entire area underwent large conservation efforts after the UNESCO nomination. The area is still filled with structures and equipment needed by the industrial facilities when they were still operational, like the impressive water balance tower that was used to raise and lower trams.

The Shard

The Shard

The Shard is easily one of Europe’s most famous skyscrapers. Designed by the Italian architect Renzo Piano, the Shard is a beautiful display of modern architecture, inspired by things like the masts of sailboats and church steeples of old. Towering to a height of 309 meters, it is currently the tallest building in the EU. Although over seventy of its 95 floors are reserved for living, the building features an observation platform on the 72nd floor, offering visitors a great view over the city of London. The glorious glass covered skyscraper also features restaurants and hotel rooms.

lakedistrict

LAKE DISTRICT (UNSECO)

The Lake District is England’s most popular national park. This beautiful area can be found on the western coast of central England. All of the land in England that rises over 914 meters (3000 feet) above the sea level is contained in this area. The nature in the area varies a lot, with many mountains, forests, valleys, hills and, naturally, lakes. Even the highest mountain in England lies in the Lake District. There is a good reason this astonishing area became a UNSECO World Heritage Site in 2017. The varied nature is also home to a diverse wildlife. The national park is a great place to ride a bike, take a walk, go on a boat trip or enjoy a picnic among the most beautiful scenery England can provide.

bridge

FORTH BRIDGE (UNESCO)

The Forth Bridge, 14 kilometers west of Edinburgh, is a long, magnificent red railway bridge that became a UNSECO World Heritage Site in 2015. Opened in 1890, this bridge extending over the Firth of Forth had the longest single cantilever bridge span in the world for 40 years and is still in second place. 2528 meters (8294 feet) long, the magnificence of this bridge, that was extraordinary at the time, came at a high cost. It is said that 98 workers died making this bridge. It still remains impressive to this day, and trains pass over it even now, over a hundred years later. The nearby Forth Road Bridge, made for cars, pedestrians and the like is also an impressive sight by itself.

puutarha

THE KEW GARDENS (UNSECO)

This absolutely gorgeous area in London is one of the city’s main tourist attractions. The area is a mix of fantastic buildings, greenhouses filled with exotic plants, bridges, skybridges, gardens etc. Main attractions include the Palm House, a stylish building with an interior walkway at a height of 9 meters, allowing visitors to witness the crowns of the palm trees up close. Another one is the exciting looking Alpine House with its changing collection of high-altitude plants. Visitors should also take a stroll across the treetop walkway. The 200-meter structure sways in the wind and lets visitors come up close to the local trees. The Sackler Crossing is a bridge that connects the vast gardens. The area is filled with things to see, with its many plant houses, Queen Charlotte’s Cottage, the Kew Palace, the Orangery restaurant, galleries, museums and even a pagoda, built in 1762. There is still a lot more to see in the gardens that hasn’t been mentioned, and the establishment even takes part in conservation efforts to keep endangered plant species alive. The Kew Gardens are a must-see on a trip to London and they became an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003.

More info about Great Britain in eurotourtrip.eu